Tajikistan

Discover Tajikistan

Tajiskistan has plenty of tourist attractions to cash in. The universities of this particular country are as per international standard and the culture is quite rich. However there is still little exposure when it comes to generally people being aware of this particular country. The following facts will help you understand Tajikistan better.

OFFICIAL NAME

Respublika i Tojikiston (Republic of Tajikistan)

FORM OF STATE

Presidential socialist republic

AREA

143,100 square km

CAPITAL CITY

Dushanbe

POPULATION

6.3 million (2001) Population development: 1.5 for each penny for every annum (1995–2000); anticipated development rate: 1.5 for each penny for every annum (1999–2015). Give or take 41 for every penny of the populace is under 14 years and 4 for each penny more than 65 years old. Populace thickness: 44 occupants for every square km (2000). The populace is moved in valley regions covering under 5 for every penny of the nation’s surface (the territory is greatly rugged). In 2001, it was assessed by the World Bank that in the ballpark of 80 for every penny of Tajikistan’s populace live in neediness and two progressive dry spells have abandoned one million individuals on the very edge of starvation.

Ethnic make-up

Tajik (69.1 for each penny), Uzbek (25 for every penny), Russian (2.7 for every penny), with remaining minorities including Tatar and Kyrgyz bunches. Tajikistan is the special case among the Central Asian republics in that its populace is prevalently Persian as opposed to Turkic. The Tajiks are comprised of various firmly related ethnic gatherings which vary both regarding human sciences (tenants of the Pamir mountains in the north are tall, dim complexioned with light-hued eyes; those from Kuliab are stocky and dull cleaned; northern Tajiks are reasonable complexioned, cocoa and dark looked at). Traditions and ceremonies additionally contrast. Religions The dominant part (80 for every penny) of ethnic Tajiks and Uzbeks are Sunni Muslims; 5 for each penny are Shi’a Muslims. Ethnic Badakhshanis fit in with the Ismaili Muslim faction and have the Aga Khan as their otherworldly pioneer. There are additionally Baptists and Bukhara Jews. There is no official religion.

TIME

GMT plus five hours

LANGUAGES SPOKEN

In spite of the fact that Tajik is talked, practically speaking, Russian is broadly utilized as a part of government and business. Uzbek is likewise talked. The Badakhshanis talk the Pamir dialects, additionally speak Tajik or Russian. There are three principle bunches – the Pamir dialects, the southern Kulyab and the northern Khodzent tongues. The Law of the State Language accommodates a move to the Tajik dialect and Arabic script

Tourism

What little tourism there was in Tajikistan immediately finished with the episode of common war in 1992. Inbound guests numbered 510,000 in 1998, yet it is improbable that numerous took after the run of the mill profile of a tourist from mechanical nations with hard money to spend on a Western standard of administration. The nation does have awesome potential for tourism because of its staggering topography and social and chronicled legacy. Then again, the fundamental foundation does not exist and the unpredictable political circumstance makes the advancement of the business a far off prospect.

Energy

Tajikistan used to get vitality supplies from Russia in return for cotton and minerals. Since freedom there have been constant vitality deficiencies because of a breakdown in interchanges and framework, particularly in the winter period and when water levels are low, given the nation’s reliance on hydroelectric force. Tajikistan is a hilly nation with potential to create hydroelectricity in huge sums.

Be that as it may, vitality era is to a great degree variable from year to year, contingent upon the level of precipitation. The power imposing business model, Bark-i (Tajik Electricity), assesses that just 10 for every penny of hydroelectric potential is being utilized. Other than hydroelectric force, oil normally represents 23 for each penny of vitality utilization, common gas for 17 for every penny and coal for 1 for every penny. Aggregate creating limit in Tajikistan is 4.4GW. The grave venture shortage in force era is not helped by the way that generation expenses of power can run higher than business costs. In spite of interest demonstrated by Russia and Iran in building new power stations and in overhauling more seasoned establishments, numerous arrangements have been slowed down by the close unlucky deficiency of financing.

 

Tajikistan is littered with deficient force tasks, including arrangements for a chain of nine force stations along the Vaksh waterway, ceased due to the common war. Development of hydroelectric force dams at Rogunsk and Sangtuda was progressing in 2001. The Rogunsk dam was initially assembled amid the Soviet-period and the administration needs to expand its ability of 3.6GW. The Sangtuda venture, which has for the most part Russian builders, requires at any rate US$480 million in stores to be finished and convey a limit of 670MW.

Remote guide for the segment has been looked for and some acquired. The Asian Development Bank and the Swiss government have given help to change of the vitality area. In January 2001, the Islamic Development Bank gave a further US$3.9 million to renovate the power part. The project incorporates the modernisation of Nureksk hydroelectric force station and the Jangal and Novaya sub stations, reclamation the force matrices in southern Tajikistan and make changes to Bark-i Tajik

INVESTMENT CLIMATE

The administration has made endeavors to draw in outside speculation by transforming levy and traditions obligations. Be that as it may, the venture atmosphere stays unfavorable to remote speculators due to administration and restricted open doors just in the agriculture and vitality segments. Proceeding with shakiness in the south of the nation, because of medication trafficking and the exercises of equipped Islamic aggressors, is likewise dissuading quite required venture.

Geography

Tajikistan is arranged in the south-east of Central Asia. The landscape is totally rocky with more than one-a large portion of the nation over 3,000 meters. The principle mountain reaches are the western Tian Shan in the north, the southern Tian Shan in the focal area and the Pamirs in the south-east. The northern Pamirs are the most elevated piles of Tajikistan, and of the previous Soviet Union – Lenin Peak 7,134 meters and Ismail Samani Peak (once in the past Communism Peak) 7,495 meters. There is a thick waterway system

CLIMATE

Great mainland; temperatures extent between – 20 degrees Celsius (C) and 0 degrees C in January, and from 0 degrees C to 30 degrees C in June, contingent upon elevation. From – 5 degrees C to 35 degrees C is seen in foothills, valleys and Dushanbe; below zero temperatures in the Pamir Mountains. Precipitation is somewhere around 150 and 250mm for every annum.

Clothing standards

Not excessively formal but rather unobtrusive, especially outside Dushanbe.

SOCIAL CUSTOMS

The expanding impact of Islam is broadly clear, especially in country territories. The Islamic confidence can be followed back to the seventh century in Tajikistan and albeit religious action was banned amid the Soviet period it has started to assume a more imperative part in consistently life since the late 1980s. Closer connections with Iran (Iranian TV is transmitted into Tajikistan) have been built up since autonomy, in spite of the fact that liquor (for the most part vodka) is still openly accessible and devoured. Tips are turning out to be more standard, especially in global inns. “Dushanbe” – Tajik for Monday – is named after the day when, for quite a long time, vendors have assembled at Dushanbe’s well known oriental baz

EATING HABITS

Sustenance has a tendency to be healthy and significant – meat in a thick sauce, stuffed cabbage, potatoes and borscht (beetroot soup) are commonplace. Great crisp sustenance and hot snacks can be found at the focal business. Green tea is tanked all over the place.

SECURITY

The UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) and US Department of State have kept on prompting against all travel to Tajikistan. The nation’s security issues are the legacy of the common war and the devolution of outfitted energy to numerous civilian army bunches, and in addition the nation’s grievous area. The Islamic activists of the IMU have utilized Tajikistan region to stage prisoner taking outings into Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. The occasions of 11 September 2001 and the ensuing clash in Afghanistan have created instability for the security of Central Asia. Government measures to manage the issue have implied the presentation of barricades kept an eye on by intensely equipped security faculty all through Dushanbe. Outfitted resistance by those sought has brought on losses among onlookers.

Resources about Tajikistan

Publications:

Foreign travel advice Tajikistan, at https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice/tajikistan

Solving Tajikistan’s Energy Crisis, at http://carnegieendowment.org/2013/03/25/solving-tajikistan-s-energy-crisis

Social Media Users:

@tajik @tadjik @Tajikistan @silkroad

Key Hashtags:

#tajik #tadjik #Tajikistan #silkroad

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