The Silk Road or Silk Route is an ancient network of trade routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting the West and East from China to the Mediterranean Sea.
The Silk Road derives its name from the lucrative trade in Chinese silk carried out along its length, beginning during the Han dynasty (207 BCE – 220 CE). The Central Asian sections of the trade routes were expanded around 114 BCE by the Han dynasty, largely through the missions and explorations of the Chinese imperial envoy, Zhang Qian. The Chinese took great interest in the safety of their trade products and extended the Great Wall of China to ensure the protection of the trade route.
Trade on the Silk Road was a significant factor in the development of the civilizations of China, the Indian subcontinent, Persia, Europe, the Horn of Africa and Arabia, opening long-distance, political and economic relations between the civilizations. Though silk was certainly the major trade item from China, many other goods were traded, and religions, syncretic philosophies, and various technologies, as well as diseases, also travelled along the Silk Routes. In addition to economic trade, the Silk Road served as a means of carrying out cultural trade among the civilizations along its network
ChemChina’s author can win over outside financial specialists easily. Beijing, compose Tom Mitchell and Ralph Atkins accomplished something surprising in the wake of declaring it the greatest ever outbound secured by a Chinese organization: he addressed inquiries from curious correspondents.
In light of the dark gauges of Mister Ren’s associates, the men and ladies who run the nation’s biggest state-claimed endeavors. It was in no way, in a certain shape or form. Not even after ChemChina made an all-money $44bn offer for Syngenta, the Swiss business monster — an arranged arrangement was reported that if finished will vault and take the chemicals bunch into the top rank of the division.
Not exactly a year prior, when ChemChina paid €7.3bn for Italian tyre-maker Pirelli, it took Mr Ren a whole week to leave his shell and meet the media at his organization’s Beijing base camp. At that session, which happened last March, ChemChina’s author and executive seemed to be quiet, sure as well as held. On Wednesday, by differentiation, he was decidedly amicable, slapping columnists on the back as he demanded they grab a smorgasbord laid on at Syngenta’s Basel central station.
ChemChina’s buy would be by a vast edge, the greatest remote buy by a Chinese organization. The record is held at present by Cnooc, the nation’s driving head of the oil organizations. Regardless, Mr Ren, a wedded 57-year-old with a child and one grandson, could soon turn into the substance of the state-coordinated speculation drive along Beijing’s vaunted “New Silk Road” and past.
The new Silk Road
The New Silk Road program consists two routes, known as “One Belt, One Road” (see the map). The land route is called “the Silk Road Economic Belt,” linking central Asia, Russia and Europe. The sea route has an odd name: “the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road,” and goes through the western Pacific and the Indian Ocean. Thus, “One Belt, One Road.”
Asia’s economies have huge infrastructure requirements over the next decade, as countries seek to move up the value chain while absorbing fast-growing populations. China has spotted the opportunity: Asia has a desperate need for high-quality roads, railways, ports and other infrastructure to support their development. Boosting investment in infrastructure by 10pc is thought to result in returns of 1pc to economic growth, so these investments can drive tangible returns.
According to the map, the land-based “New Silk Road” will begin in Xi’an in central China before stretching west through Lanzhou (Gansu province), Urumqi (Xinjiang), and Khorgas (Xinjiang), which is near the border with Kazakhstan. The Silk Road then runs southwest from Central Asia to northern Iran before swinging west through Iraq, Syria, and Turkey. From Istanbul, the Silk Road crosses the Bosporus Strait and heads northwest through Europe, including Bulgaria, Romania, the Czech Republic, and Germany. Reaching Duisburg in Germany, it swings north to Rotterdam in the Netherlands. From Rotterdam, the path runs south to Venice, Italy — where it meets up with the equally ambitious Maritime Silk Road.
On a visit to Pakistan in April, President Xi announced $46bn in investments and credit lines in a planned China-Pakistan economic corridor. Earlier this year, one of China’s largest construction companies signed construction deals in Africa worth a combined $5.5bn. Both are OBOR projects, providing a platform for the cash-rich Chinese to invest, as well as the opportunity to lift growth across the world.
For the time being, be that as it may, Syngenta’s shares stay underneath ChemChina’s offer cost. The markdown proposes financial specialists dread Mr Ren’s arrangement could be thumped back by a security audit in the US, where Syngenta has broad operations. It is one thing for America’s golden influxes of grain to grow from Swiss seeds yet entirely another if the seeds are at last claimed by an organization obligated to the Chinese Communist gathering. It would absolutely have made for a fascinating idea at the current week’s Iowa assemblies, held only one day before ChemChina formally uncovered its offer for Syngenta.
The long-term fundamentals of China’s economy are sufficiently strong that we should keep faith with it. China has overtaken the United States as the world’s leading trade power. As a measure, 123 countries in the world have China as their leading trading partner, while the US can count only 64. Connecting China’s less developed West to developed Europe as well as China’s more affluent east to the fast-growing North Asia economic region presents exciting economic opportunities.
The city of Lanzhao
For a man who experienced childhood in the city of Lanzhou, a previous station at the eastern end of the old Silk Road, turning into a worldwide dealmaker was an impossible result. Born in 1958, Mr Ren grew up amid the frenzy of Mao Zedong’s Cultural Revolution. Like such a variety of young people of that period, he was “sent down” to the field as an adolescent — an ordeal he implied on Wednesday. Those developmental couple of years, he said, taught him “what agriculturists need and how they function the area”.
A huge amount of youth never made it back to home, let alone to college, after Mao’s demise in 1976 allowed the country to repair itself. Mr Ren oversaw both accomplishments, moving on from Lanzhou College and joining the service of compound industry.
In 1984, he acquired Rmb10,000 from the administration to begin a modern cleaning organization. Throughout the following two decades, his Bluestar start-up assimilated or converged with more than 100 different SOEs. After a short time, he came to be referred to in authority media as the “ruler of mergers”.
Mr Ren: The visionary
Mr Ren has run his danwei, a catch-all term for SOEs, for a long time in a nation where managers of such organizations are exchanged between organizations such as the ineffectively paid common hirelings they are. All the more as of late, some have been brought around President Xi Jinping’s take-no-detainees war on debasement. Moreover, Mr Ren’s life span is phenomenal.
His involvement in building ChemChina from the base up additionally makes him that rarest of humans in a state division generally populated since a long time ago with settled yet imposing business models: a genuine business person.
After the gathering was formally settled in 2004, Mr Ren started another obtaining spree, this time abroad, eating up agribusiness and synthetic organizations in Australia, France and Israel.
“Ren is a visionary,” says one industry official who has watched his ascent nearly. “He has associations and he knows how to force strings.”
He has collected a group of outside consiglieres including Michael Koenig, a previous Bayer AG executive, and Ze’ev Goldberg, a previous Israeli military officer and Lehman Brothers broker who prompted ChemChina on the Pirelli and Syngenta bargains.
A portion of Mr Ren’s attempted and tried pitch, to outside government officials and procurement targets alike, is that the gathering’s abroad units will hold operational freedom. He gets a kick out of the chance to tell administrators at his objective organizations: “I am your manager yet you are my educator.” He likewise promises to ensure occupations and brand respectability at organizations he purchases. “Syngenta will remain Syngenta,” he stated lately.
Political astute and gathering associations mostly clarify his backbone. More vital is his demonstrated capacity to convey for his administration experts on essential arrangement targets, for example, sustenance security. Syngenta claims a wide arrangement of seeds that can possibly offer China some assistance with increasing product yields that are well underneath North American levels.
By previous European agribusiness official who know Mr Ren well, ChemChina is centered around “size and power” as it seeks after its accepted government order to support Chinese farming profitability. “It appears they need to possess the arrangement’’, the official says. Mr Ren’s Syngenta buy is in this manner “a tremendous arrangement for China”.